Development, Trade and Foreign Affairs

Cambodia’s Boundary


This page aims to take stock all milestone documents related to Cambodia’s boundary. In order to have adequate sources for  independent research and analysis, we would highly appreciate for readers who could also share with us any documents related for uploading here for the sake of Cambodia and its neighbours to maintain regional peace, security and stability. Please visit the sub-page to get documents on Cambodia-Thailand boarder and Cambodia-Vietnam boarder.

Geography of Cambodia

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos

Coordinates: 13 00 N, 105 00 E

Total: 181,035 sq km
Land: 176,515 sq km
Water: 4,559 sq km

Land boundaries
Total: 2,530 sq km
Border Countries: Laos (555km), Thailand (817km) and Vietnam (1,158km)

Coastline: 443 km
Maritime Claim
Territorial Sea: 12 nm
Contiguous Zone: 24 nm
Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 nm
Continental Shelf: 200 nm

Climate: Tropical;
Rainy/ monsoon season (From May to Nov)
Dry season (From Dec to Apr)

Terrain: Mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north

Mean elevation: 126m
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
Highest point: Phnom Aoral 1,810 m

Natural Resources: Oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential, arable land

Land use:
Agricultural land: 32.1 %
arable land 22.7%; permanent crops 0.9%; permanent pasture 8.5%
Forest: 56.5%
Other: 11.4% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land: 3,540 sq km (2012)

Total renewable water resources: 476.1 cu km (2011)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
Total 2.18 cu km/yr (4%/2%/94%)
Per Capita: 159.8 cu m/yr (2006)

Natural hazards: Monsoonal Rains (June to Nov); Flooding; Occasional droughts

Environment- current issues: illegal logging activities throughout country and strip mining for gens in the western region along the border with Thailand have resulted in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); soil erosion; in rural areas, most of the population does not have access to potable water; declining fish stocks because of illegal fishing and overfishing.

Environment- international agreements:
Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
Signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography- Note: A land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap (Southeast Asia’s largest freshwater lake).






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